Noise pollution is the propagation of noise with harmful effect on the activity of life. This is mainly caused by machines, generators, or transportation systems. Poor urban planning may give rise to noise pollution, side-by-side industrial and residential buildings can result in noise pollution in the residential areas.
Exposure to prolonged or excessive noise has been shown to cause a range of health problems ranging from stress, poor concentration, productivity losses in the workplace, and communication difficulties and fatigue from lack of sleep, to more serious issues such as cardiovascular disease, cognitive impairment, tinnitus and hearing loss.
By definition, noise pollution takes place when there is either excessive amount of noise or an unpleasant sound that causes temporary disruption in the natural balance. This definition is usually applicable to sounds or noises that are unnatural in either their volume or their production. Our environment is such that it has become difficult to escape noise. Even electrical appliances at home have a constant hum or beeping sound. By and large, lack of urban planning increases the exposure to unwanted sounds. This is why understanding noise pollution is necessary to curb it in time.
Effects of noise pollution
Noise pollution affects both health and behavior. Unwanted sound (noise) can damage psychological and physiological health. Noise pollution can cause hypertension, high stress levels, tinnitus, hearing loss, sleep disturbances, and otherharmful effects.
How to prevent noise pollution
1. Sound-proof your space. …
2. Avoid having noisy machines or generators close to your bedroom and living areas. …
5. Use earplugs and noise-canceling headphones. …
6. Install noise-reducing insulation and glass.
One of the sources of noise pollution are generators.The noise produced can some times be heard at high resolutions.