A battery is a device made up of one or more electrochemical cells with outbound connections designed to power electrical appliances.They are manufactured for Solar Home Systems and serve as backup for inbound electrical current.
Batteries convert chemical energy into electrical energy by a chemical reaction. Usually the chemicals are placed inside the battery. It is used to power device parts in a circuit. It produces direct current (DC) electricity .
To install batteries for your solar home systems,you will need three items:
Ensure that the batteries are in good condition before use
Make sure that the state of charge is appropriate
Ensure that it is insulated
Ensure that the space to be used is not littered with items or obstructions
Check to see that the space is suitable for clear viewing,inspection and maintenance
Place the rack in the designated space
Place the batteries inside or within the confinements of the racks
Batteries should not be accessed by non-technical personell or persons without technical knowledge and safety protocols.They are hazardous in nature!
Ensure that cell caps on flooded batteries should be easily reachable
Use appropriate wiring measurement and interconnections to avoid sparks
Below are examples of good battery installations done in Nigeria
Depending on the type of solar panels to be used ,they can be simple or hybrid.
Most batteries come in packs of two,four,eight,twelve or as stipulated by the Solar home system plan in use.